Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE)

Thursday 22nd of August 2019
Accéder à la version francaise



For some recent articles from


see our section "Archives"



The  Arab Oil & Gas Directory 2015


The Arab Oil & Gas Directory (AOGD) 2015 is available. This is the 40th edition of this reference book, well known in the industry, which covers - since 1973 - the oil, gas and petrochemical activities in the Arab countries of North Africa and the Middle East, Iran, Sudan and South Sudan.


For orders or for any further information about this publication, please contact:



The edition 2015 includes chapters on the following countries, organizations and themes:

∙ Algeria      ∙ Bahrain      ∙ Egypt       ∙ Iran       ∙ Iraq     ∙ Jordan    ∙ Kuwait     ∙ Lebanon

Libya    ∙ Mauritania     Morocco      ∙ Oman       ∙ Qatar      ∙ Saudi Arabia    ∙ South Sudan         

Sudan      Syria         ∙ Tunisia        ∙ UAE      ∙ Yemen   ∙ OAPEC    ∙ OPEC  

Global Outlook


           .... PLEASE NOTE ....     


          The AOGD 2015 is available in electronic format

                - PDFs for different chapters : 700 euros plus VAT in France) -


The AOGD is one of the publications created by the Arab Petroleum Research Center (APRC) and published by that company up to the end of 2011. From 2012 onwards, AOGD has been produced and marketed by Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE). Earlier electronic editions of the AOGD can also be ordered from SPE.

Since the beginning of 2012, SPE has also been producing and marketing two other reference books created in recent years by APRC, namely the Natural Gas Survey, Middle East and North Africa (NGS) and the Refining and Petrochemical Survey, Middle East and North Africa (RPS). The last edition of the RPS was published in 2012 and that of the NGS in 2013.


Natural Gas Survey, Middle East

and North Africa


Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE) has published a set of reports on the development and operations of the natural gas industry in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa.

These reports are grouped under the collective title of the Natural Gas Survey, Middle East & North Africa 2013 (NGS).

The reports are published in English and are available individually as PDF files from SPE

E-mail: administration@stratener.com


Do you know ....

    Our main publication


Arab Spring, negotiations on Iran’s nuclear energy program, possible return of international oil companies in this key country, gas discoveries off Israel and Cyprus, emergence of the Eastern Mediterranean as a new gas province, oil prices, strategies of OPEC and of the international oil industry : on all these issues and many others, Arab Oil & Gas, published by Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE, Paris) will bring you a wealth of reliable information and valuable analysis.

See our "Publications" section, on this site.

If you wish to receive a free copy of the electronic edition of Arab Oil & Gas, and for any other information, please contact us at:



See at the top for some information about our other publications





Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques (SPE) is a media partner in various energy conferences, exhibitions and summits.

Please click on these different banners in order to get more information from
the organizers of these events.




The World Gas Conference has just ended in Paris. The next edition, the 27th, will be held on 25-29 June 2018 in Washington, D.C. The WGC is organized every three years by the International Gas Union (IGU). The host in the U.S. will be the American Gas Association (AGA). The USA will hold the presidency of the IGU from 2015 to 2018.


The AGA will celebrate its 100th birthday in 2018. This professional association includes more than 200 companies in the U.S.


Websites:  www.igu.org





" Saudi Arabia, Russia and the oil market "

                                                                                                           Tahereh Amirzadeh

Tahereh Amirzadeh is the Vice-President  in charge of the Group’s LNG project at Net Oil Enterprises Inc. (Netoil)


      Saudi Arabia has been using low oil prices in order to hurt Russia (by “invading” its traditional European markets – 70% of the Russian oil revenues – like Poland and Sweden and then forcing Urals – Russian blend crude – to be sold with important discounts while oil prices are already low) and Iran (with whom they are indirectly fighting in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Bahrain and Yemen) and to pressure the US (that develops its unconventional oil and gas). The Kingdom did not expect Putin’s decision to directly intervene in Syria, the first direct intervention in the Middle East since Afghanistan at the time of the USSR which accelerated its collapse.

      After the EU imposed sanctions against Iran, Russian and Saudi crude replaced Iranian crude in the European refineries. Iranian crude is the closest crude to Urals but Russia’s Energy Minister Alexander Novak does not see a real problem: "Iran used to be present in the market; when Iran is back, nothing extraordinary is going to happen".

      If Saudi Arabia can use oil as a weapon against Russia and Iran, it cannot enter in a direct military fight with them. On July 16, 2015, David Gardner from the Financial Times quoted Arab officials saying that Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi’s minister of Foreign Affairs from 1975 to 2015, told John Kerry, US secretary of State, that Daesh and Nusra (affiliated to Qaeda) are the Sunni response to Dawa, the Shia group supported by both Iran and the US in Iraq.

      The US has been waiting for Russia’s bankruptcy and did not expect Putin’s decision as well. Since the end of the Ottoman rule and then, World War II and more recently the Gulf War, the Anglo-Saxons have been dominating the region. Moscow tried to challenge the Anglo-Saxon domination of the Middle East by intervening in Afghanistan. The USSR thought its intervention could ensure high oil prices to win the Cold War by generating too high costs for the American and European economies. But US support to Taliban and Qaeda against the Soviets in Afghanistan led to a stalemate and the collapse of oil prices and then the ‘Perestroika’ reforms and the end of USSR.

      Recent attacks in Paris force Americans and Europeans to join Russians and maybe Iranians to fight Daesh and Nusra in Syria and in Iraq. What will happen to oil prices?

      And, what will happen to the US dollar since as explained by Marcel Fratzscher, Daniel Schneider, and Ine Van Robays (European Central Bank, July 2014), “A 10% increase in the price of oil leads to a depreciation of the US dollar effective exchange rate by 0.28% on impact, whilst a weakening of the US dollar by 1% causes oil prices to rise by 0.73%”?



Francis Perrin, chairman of Stratégies et Politiques Energétiques, is often interviewed by French and international media about energy issues.

 See  the French edition of this website (section "Dans les medias")





Olivier Appert, President of the French Committee of the World Energy Council “The continuing decline in oil prices is probably behind us …”...

Mr. Berislav Gašo, Chief Operating Officer of MOL Group Exploration & Production: We have to unlock the value of our existing portfolio, be it in Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Russia and elsewhere......

Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the IEA: The mechanism of adjustment in the oil market is rarely a smooth one......

Adam Sieminski, Administrator of the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA,)part of the U.S. Department of Energy: Past 2016, oil markets will further move towards balance......

Francis Duseux, President of the French Oil Industry Union(UFIP) : Some 25% to 30% of refineries could close in the European Union over the next 20 years......

Armelle Lecarpentier, Chief Economist of Cedigaz : “The current level of LNG prices does not ensure the viability of many liquefaction projects”... ...

Fatih Birol, the International Energy Agency Chief Economist: The large oil and gas exporters in the Middle East now have a double incentive to remove fossil-fuel Subsidies... ...

Questions put to Costanza Jacazio of the International Energy Agency : LNG projects underway in Australia and the United States will add capacity of 160 Billion Cu M/Year by the early 2020s ...

Jean-Louis Schilansky, President of the Unconventional Hydrocarbons Center : Unconventional hydrocarbons are one of the factors behind the upheaval in the world energy market... ...

Sylvain Ringot, Technical Manager of Dunkerque LNG : "The LNG Terminal in Dunkirk Is Scheduled to Start Up at the End of 2015..." ...

Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the IEA : Investments of $900 billion per year will be required in the hydrocarbon sector in the 2030s ...

Fatih Birol, the IEA’s Chief Economist : Sub-Saharan Africa could see its LNG exports almost triple by 2040... ...

Amina Benkhadra, Managing Director of ONHYM : Some new agreements could be signed between now and the end of 2014......

Mike Bradshaw, Professor at Warwick Business School : EU now seems determined to reduce the proportion of Russian gas in its future supplies......

Oil Production Capacity of 3.5 Million B/D Will Be Sufficient Over the Medium Term, Mr. Suhail Mohamed Faraj al-Mazrouei, Energy Ministerof the United Arab Emirates, tells AOG...

I am confident that a solution will be found for the export of oil from the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Leo Koot, President of Taqa Iraq, tells AOG...

Russia Fears it Might Lose its Main Leverage Over Turkey if the Latter’s Energy Dependency on it Were to Diminish, Professor Stephen Blank tells AOG...

Jean-Louis Schilansky, President of the French Oil Industry Union (UFIP): The World May Have Entered a Period of Greater Oil Price Stability ...

Meeting with the United Arab Emirates’ Energy Minister,Suhail Mohamed Faraj al-Mazrouei...

Fath Birol, chief economist at the IEA : the Middle East still required to meet the growth in Chinese and Indian consumption...

David Stenning, president of Sea NG Corporation : shipping compressed gas by sea is the best option for transporting Eastern Mediterranean gas to Europe......

Solon Kassinis, international consultant : LNG is the best solution for the gas on block 12 off Cyprus for economic and strategic reasons...

Interview with Saad Cheikh Saad Bouh, Managing Director of the Société Mauritanienne des Hydrocarbures...

Armelle Lecarpentier, Chief Economist of CEDIGAZ:In our most optimistic scenario, european gas consumption does not return to its 2010 level until 2020 ...

Amnesty International : We need to put more pressure on companies' home state governments about abuses committed abroad, says Audrey Gaughran, Director of the Global Thematic Issues Program...

Nicolas Sarkis : The main challenge facing oil-producing countries today is to develop activities that can survive hydrocarbons...

Philippe Sébille-Lopez (Géopolia) : There has been little progress on oil and gas issues since Goodluck Jonathan came to power...

The Financial Markets Are Beginning to Recognize the Value of the EITI Label, David Diamond, Global Co-Head of ESG at Allianz Global Investors, tells AOG ...

The Hard Times Are Not Over for the French and European Refining Industry, Jean-Louis Schilansky, President of the French Oil Industry Association (UFIP), tells AOG...

Iran’s Oil Exports Might Amount to No More Than 1 Million B/D in the First Half of 2013 An interview with Daniel Gerber, Director of Petro-Logistics SA ...

Being a Refiner Is Now a Condition for Purchasing Crude Oil from Producing Countries, Roger Tamraz, advisor to the board of directors of Netoil, tells AOG ...

Oil Companies Behave Better When the Law and Enforcement Agencies Require Them to Do So, Audrey Gaughran, Director of the Global Thematic Issues Program at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International, tells AOG...

Deferring Investments in Iraq Would Have Very Negative Consequences for the Country but Also for the World, Fatih Birol, Chief Economist of the IEA, tells AOG...